Facts About the Green Tree Frog
The American green tree frog, also known as the “grasshopper frog,” is a widespread native species of North American tree frogs belonging to the families Hylidae. It’s also called the “garden frog,” it’s popular as a local pet and the third state fish of Louisiana and Georgia. Over 400 species of this particular species in the United States, including two subspecies that are locally special to certain parts of the states. This is considered the second most common species in the States, only trailing behind the smaller cinnamon tree frog.
As with all Hylidae family members, the American green tree frog has a split third eye, allowing it to see in the dark. It uses its large front feet to walk on water’s surface but uses its two tails to propel itself quickly through the water column. Its body is short and spiny, with a head covered in a thick greenish green iridescent coating. Its bright green color and pattern of spots suggest carrying several females at once. Owing to their propensity to go into long stretches of suspended animation, they spend much of their time underground.
Like most frogs, the American green tree frog doesn’t lay eggs but instead travels around looking for food. While the male species does this more frequently than the female, they are smaller than those found in the female when they do lay eggs. Their tongue is long, rather like a snail’s, and they have no tail. They are also sexually dimorphic, with a distinctly shaped head compared to other members of their species. The female is almost identical, aside from a slightly longer distance between the genders.
Because the green tree frog has no tail, they are sometimes called “tailed” frogs. Several of them have green spots on their throats, giving them the name. But by any name they go by, the green tree frog is genuinely a fascinating and delightful creature. Its small size makes it easy to care for, as it will only grow to about four inches when fully grown.
A straightforward way to identify a green-ringed frog is by taking a good look at its eyes. Its eyes are mostly green with tiny red specks inside of them. Because they have no eyelids, they depend solely on their ability to see in the ultraviolet light of the world. When moving around in their habitat, they often flash their eyes quickly to detect movement. This is their way of communicating with each other.
There are some things you should know about these little frogs. Unlike all other green tree frogs and all other frogs in general, these don’t have vocal cords. They cannot tell others apart by calling or showing their tails.
Unlike all other green tree frogs, the Indian river tree frogs do not like to hold onto their prey. Instead of using their hands to try to catch their food, they use their mouths. To eat, they pierce their target – often a leaf or a twig – with their mouth and suck the juices out of it. Sometimes they also use their tongues to wrap around their mouth and suffocate their prey. Their mouths are covered with rows of sharp, pink teeth, which they use to tear off the skin and to suck juices from their game.
There are a few more facts about this rather interesting-looking frog. The scientific name of this species is Hydrophius robust. It lives primarily in Central and Western India, with the Himalayas and Arunachal Pradesh in India being the chief sources of its habitat. There are believed to be few, if any, sightings in India’s Southern portions.